WEeb.in Team Indian State Total Views: 1832 Posted: Jan 21, 2019 Updated: Nov 28, 2023
Facts about Bihar state of India
The Maurya Empire and the religion of Buddhism arose in the region that now makes up modern Bihar. The Mauryan Empire, which originated from Magadha in 325 BC, was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who was born in Magadha. It had its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna) Bihar ia also called as Blissful Bihar.
Bihar is located in the eastern part of India. The state is surrounded by Nepal in the north, West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh in the west and Jharkhand in the south. The state enjoys a unique location specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of eastern and northern India, access to ports such as Kolkata and Haldia and to raw material sources and mineral reserves from the neighbouring states.
CAPITAL : Patna (Ganga River)
ESTABLISHED : 26 January, 1956
HIGH COURT : Patna (1916)
DISTRICTS : 38
LANGUAGES : Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili, Angika
POPULATION : 10, 40, 99, 452 (3rd)
[Males = 5, 42, 78, 157 & Females = 4, 98, 21, 295]
M : F = 916 : 1000
AREA : 94, 163 sq km (13th)
Density : 1, 102 per sq. km
LITERACY : 63. 80%
ASSEMBLY : 243
Legisletive Council = 75
LOKSABHA : 40
RAJYASABHA : 16
BOUNDARY STATES : Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Nepal
STATE ANIMAL : Gaur (Ox)
STATE BIRD : House Sparrow
STATE TREE : Peepal
STATE FLOWER : White Orchid
STATE DANCE : Bako, Natuna, Jadhana, Chau (Folk Dance), Jati Jatin, Jhijhiya, Karma, Gadur, Bidesia, Seraikella
TRIBES : Sarhul, Karam
FESTIVALS : Chhath
TEMPLES : Mahabodhi Temple – Bodh Gaya
RIVERS : Ganga, Sone, Gandak, Kosi, Kamla, Panar, Saura, Durgawati, Karmanasa
LAKES : The Kanwar Thal Lake (Kabar Thal Lake)
Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station
Barauni Thermal Power Station
Suvarnalekha Hydro Power Plant
PROJECTS/ DAMS : Mahatma Gandhi Sethu (Ganga river – Patna), Kosi Project, Gandak Project
NATIONAL PARKS & SANCTUARIES
Valmiki National Park, Gautam Budha Wild Life Sanctuary (Gaya)
Kaimur WildLife Sanctuary
Pant (Rajgir) Wild Life Sanctuary
Valmiki Wild Life Sanctuary
Bheemaband Wild Life Sanctuary
Datma Wild Life Sanctuary
Fertilizers Corporation of India – Sindri, Cotton spinning mills, Sugar mills, Jute mills, Leather Industries
Champaran, Barauni, Sindri, Poosa, Bodhgaya, Aurangabad, Buxar, Chapra, Sasaram, Bhagalpur, Darbhanga, Dehri, Jehangabad, Kishanganj, Muzaffarpur, Barauni, Katihar, Vaishali, Patna (Ganga River)
Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport – Patna, Gaya Airport – Gaya
Gautama Buda, Vardhamana, Ashoka, Babu Rajendra Prasad, Lok Nayak Jayaprakash
Lord Curgon Agriculture Research Institute: Poosa
First woman Loksabha Speaker: Meira Kumar
First woman Chief Minister: Rabri Devi
Indian Institute of Management (IIM): Bodhgaya
Famous Persons from Bihar
- Raja Kunwar Singh – was the King of the then Jagdishpiur (presently part of Bhojpur district) who participated and fought during 1857 revolt.
- Rajendra Prasad – was the first President of India who was born in Ziradei, Siwan district of Bihar.
- Anugrah Narayan Singh – was better known as Bihar Vibhuti. He was famous Gandhian-leader. He was born in Gaya district of Bihar.
- Jagjeevan Ram – was better known as Babuji. He was a great freedom fighter and born in Arrah district of Bihar.
- Jai Prakash Narayan -his nick-name was JP and Lok Nayak. He was instrumental in creating mass uprising against Indira Gandhi government. His agitation was called as Sampurna Kranti (Total Revolution). He was conferred Bharat Ratna posthumously in year 1999. He was born in Saran district of Bihar.
- Ramdhari Singh Dinkar – was the most famous modern Hindi poets. The themes of his poetry is mostly Veer Ras (freedom struggle). He was called as Rashtra Kavi. He was born in Munger district of Bihar.
- Bismillah Khan – the famous Shahnai maestro and Bharat Ratna awardee in year 2001 was born in Dumraon district of Bihar. In the very childhood he shifted to Varanasi.
- Girija Prasad Koirala– was the eminent Nepali politician who was elected four times as Prime Minister of Nepal. He was born in Saharsa district of Bihar.
- Karpoori Thakur – was better known as Jan Nayak. He was born in Samastipur district in 1924. His contribution is remembered for Quit India Movement. He also served as Chief Minister of Bihar.
Districts in Bihar (38 Districts )
- Kaimur (Bhabua)
- Pashchim Champaran
- Purbi Champaran
बिहार राज्य के बारे में तथ्य (हिन्दी मे पढ़े)
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